The Rastafari of Jamaica have long recognized cannabis as the fibrous “Prince of Plants” (not a “drug”), cultivated and smoked for its medicinal benefits as well as for its psychoactive properties that aid in a spiritual quest with ancient origins. For Jamaicans more generally, the herb has long been part of the everyday civic culture, popular at sporting events, cultural functions, and intimate gatherings alike. However, the cultivation and importation of marijuana was illegal as early as 1913.
In 2014, Jamaica tackled the issue of decriminalization, reconciling private practice with public policy. This case study surveys the legal and social history of marijuana in Jamaica, following for comparison the international trends in legalization. Video interviews with Jamaican Minister of Justice Mark Golding, accessible via hyperlink in the case materials, also inform the debate.
Participants negotiate a role play between Rastafarian marijuana growers and Mark Golding. The parties consider Jamaica’s opportunity to host the Cannabis Cup, a competition and celebration of the skill of growing marijuana, and must agree on the actions Golding will take with respect to the Cup. This exercise asks participants to consider the domestic and international implications of such a project, and to interpret and leverage the Dangerous Drugs Act Amendment decriminalizing marijuana. Participants use Socratic questioning to find common ground: understanding the position and concerns of their negotiation partners and moving toward a mutually satisfactory solution.
This Teacher's Manual aids instructors in the use of the case study The Decriminalization of Marijuana in Jamaica: A Key Step toward International Legalization?. The Teacher's Manual consists of:
- Positioning of the case study within a law school course
- Learning objectives
- Teaching plan
Summary Teaching Plan
The case study positions participants to interpret legislation and apply it strategically to a negotiation situation, as well as to apply Socratic questioning in teams to negotiate a hypothetical agreement between citizens and government officials. This case study could also be used to launch a discussion about decriminalization of marijuana in America or drug policy more broadly. The case is suitable for one or two class sessions, and was initially deliberated for an hour to an hour and a half.
- Participants read and view case materials at their own pace
- Decide when and how to deliberate
- Discuss group norms and principles of jury
- Deliberation Option 1: Socratic Questioning Exercise
- Deliberation Option 2: Jury-Style Deliberation
- Appendix B: Post-Deliberation Survey
- Appendix C: Self-Reflection Survey
- Become familiar with the history of Jamaica relevant to the decriminalization-legalization debate
- Understand the political dynamics that led to the criminalization of ganja (cannabis/marijuana) within Jamaica and globally
- Appreciate the changing legal contexts within which the future of ganja is being deliberated
- Become conversant with some of the major rhetorical moves shaping the liberalization debate
- Feel comfortable discussing the global implications of the proposed policy shift
Marijuana, decriminalization, ganja, cannabis, herb, deliberation, international law, illegal drugs, regulation, liberalization, social justice, law and order, Rastafarians, religious freedom, medical marijuana
Geographic: Jamaica; United States
Industry: Illegal Drugs
Event Start Date: 2014
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